Photo credits: John T Consoli of UMD
The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History will introduce a very special exhibition, “Dark Cube: Heisenberg’s Race for the Bomb,” which opens to the public on Saturday, March 14, 2020. This exhibition focuses on a dense, two-inch charcoal-black cube made of pure uranium metal that Nazi scientists suspended with 663 other similar cubes during World War II in an effort to create the world’s first atomic bomb.
During Hitler’s rise to power, Germany was at the cutting edge of nuclear technology, having discovered how to split the atom and then realizing the immense amount of energy that is released in doing so. This intriguing object - on loan from Dr. Timothy Koeth, Assistant Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland with appointments in the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics (IREAP) and the Institute for Physical Science and Technology (IPST) – will be highlighted in telling the story of Heisenberg’s efforts and eventual failure to create an atomic weapon during a critical time in world conflict.
“From a historical perspective this cube weighs a lot more than five pounds,” said Dr. Koeth. Made of natural uranium, this cube was one of 664 cubes suspended together in an almost chandelier-type setting, created in the attempt to make what was believed to be Germany’s first working nuclear reactor.
Though Heisenberg’s team came close to achieving a chain reaction, they were unsuccessful in completing their goal. There were many reasons that lead to this failure; these included lack of leadership to fully push the project to completion, many of Germany’s most gifted physicists were Jewish and were forced to leave Germany due to Hitler’s quest for racial purity, money and materials were in short supply and other technical difficulties.
Though there were originally 664 cubes, over 650 still remain unaccounted for. “The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History is proud to display such an important piece of history,” said Jim Walther, Museum Executive Director. “This is one of the only institutions in the nation where one of Heisenberg’s uranium cubes can be seen for public viewing, and we look forward to sharing this pivotal time in history with our visitors.”
This special exhibition is included with museum admission. For more information, please call 505-245-2137.
Another special event will take place on Saturday, March 14, where Dr. Koeth and Dr. Miriam Elizabeth Hiebert, Department of Material Science and Engineering with the University of Maryland, will speak about the German cube project. Visitors will have the opportunity to learn about America’s role in unveiling Nazi Germany’s mission to create the atomic bomb, why Germany failed in its efforts, and what eventually happened to the German uranium cubes. This event is included with museum admission, and two talks will take place at 10:30 am and 1 pm.
In a time where home-based education is taking place all over the nation, we invite you to visit our website, Voices of the Manhattan Project. This amazing collection of oral histories contains 580 audio/visual interviews with individuals who worked on the Manhattan Project. Interviews include General Leslie R. Groves, General Paul Tibbets (pilot of the Enola Gay), and a transcript of an interview with J. Robert Oppenheimer.Learn More
Visit the Nuclear Museum's YouTube channel for science experiments you can do at home, quick tours of our museum exhibits, and more! Even though we are all at home, we can still have great fun with science!Learn More
Welcome to "Ranger in Your Pocket," with virtual tours of Manhattan Project sites! Each tour features audio/visual vignettes drawn from interviews with Manhattan Project veterans and their families. Take a self-guided tour of Hanford's B Reactor or Bathtub Row at Los Alamos, all from the comfort of your home.Learn More